I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I’ve ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.
出典:Stanford University|News


The first story is about connecting the dots.
出典:Stanford University|News


I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?
出典:Stanford University|News


It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: “We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?” They said: “Of course.” My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.
出典:Stanford University|News


And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents’ savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn’t see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn’t interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.
出典:Stanford University|News


It wasn’t all romantic. I didn’t have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends’ rooms, I returned Coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:
出典:Stanford University|News


Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn’t have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and sans serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can’t capture, and I found it fascinating.
出典:Stanford University|News


None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But 10 years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backward 10 years later.
出典:Stanford University|News


Again, you can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backward. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.
出典:Stanford University|News


My second story is about love and loss.
出典:Stanford University|News


I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents’ garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4,000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.
出典:Stanford University|News

私は幸運でした。人生の早い時期に、自分が成すべきことを見つけられたのです。私は20歳の時、ウォズと一緒に実家のガレージでアップルを始めました。ひたむきに働きました。そして10年後、たった2人で始めたアップルは、4000人以上の社員を抱える20億ドル企業にまで成長しました。最高の製品であるマッキントッシュを世に送り出した1年後、30歳になった私はアップルを解雇されました。自分で起ち上げた会社にどうやったら解雇されるのかって? 実は、会社が大きくなる過程で、一緒に会社を経営できる才能を持った人物を雇っていました。最初の1年かそこらは上手くいっていたんです。しかし互いの将来のビジョンにずれが生じ始め、最終的に仲違いしてしまいました。そのとき、取締役会は相手側に付きました。それで私は30歳で解雇されました。しかも大々的にです。私が人生をかけ、心血を注いで作りあげてきたものが失われたのです。あまりにも悲惨でした。

I really didn’t know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down — that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.
出典:Stanford University|News


I didn’t see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.
出典:Stanford University|News


During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the world’s first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple’s current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.
出典:Stanford University|News


I’m pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn’t been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don’t lose faith. I’m convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You’ve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don’t settle.
出典:Stanford University|News


My third story is about death.
出典:Stanford University|News


When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: “If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you’ll most certainly be right.” It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: “If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?” And whenever the answer has been “No” for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.
出典:Stanford University|News


Remembering that I’ll be dead soon is the most important tool I’ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure — these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
出典:Stanford University|News


About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn’t even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor’s code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you’d have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
出典:Stanford University|News


I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I’m fine now.
出典:Stanford University|News


This was the closest I’ve been to facing death, and I hope it’s the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:
出典:Stanford University|News


No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don’t want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life’s change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.
出典:Stanford University|News


Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of others’ opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
出典:Stanford University|News


When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors and Polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: It was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.
出典:Stanford University|News


Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: “Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.” It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.
出典:Stanford University|News


Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
出典:Stanford University|News


Thank you all very much.
出典:Stanford University|News



Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That’s it. No big deal. Just three stories.
出典:Stanford University|News






So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future.
出典:Stanford University|News





Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work.
出典:Stanford University|News








Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life.
出典:Stanford University|News










  • スティーブ・ジョブズ氏の生みの親は、大学院生のとき未婚で出産。
  • スティーブ・ジョブズ氏は養子に出されることに。育て親の条件は「大学出の夫婦」であることだった。
  • 大学出でない夫婦に引き取られることになったが「スティーブ・ジョブズ氏を大学へ行かせる」ことを育ての親は約束した。
  • 育ての親は約束通りスティーブ・ジョブズ氏を大学へ行かせたが、財産をはたいて授業料を支払う状況だった。
  • 両親が必死に貯めてくれたお金が無くなっていくのを前にして、大学に行く意味が分からなくなり中退を決意。






And since Windows just copied the Mac, it’s likely that no personal computer would have them.
出典:Stanford University|News









  • 20歳のとき自宅のガレージでApple社を立ち上げる。
  • 当初2人だった社員は10年で4000人を超える程になる。
  • 30歳のときにApple社を解雇される。(経営者の一人と仲たがいしたのが原因)
  • しばらく失意のどん底にいたが、自分がそれまでやってきたことを今でも愛していると気付き、再チャレンジすることを決意。
  • 解雇されてから5年の間に、NeXTやPixarといった名だたる会社を起ち上げる。
  • Apple社がNeXT社を買収するという形で、Apple社に復帰する。




If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.
出典:Stanford University|News






  • 「今日1日を人生最後の日だと思って過ごしていれば、いつの日かその通りになるだろう」という言葉を17歳の時に目にした。
  • それ以来33年間、毎朝鏡に向かって「もし今日が人生最後の日だとして、今日やろうと思っていることを自分はやりたいだろうか」と問いかけている。
  • 自分がいつか死ぬことを意識すれば、正しい決断を下すことができる。
  • 1年ほど前に膵臓がんの診断を受け、余命は3~6ヶ月と宣告された。
  • 手術を受け、奇跡的に助かった。
  • 死を身近に感じたことで「死にたい人などいない」ことを実感した。
  • 人は誰しも死ぬものだが、「死」は「生がつくり出した最高の創造物」でもある。つまり、死が古きものを押しやり、新たな生をもたらす。
  • 自分にとって大切なもの。そして、直感。この2つ以外は二の次にして生きなければならない。


Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away.
出典:Stanford University|News




スピーチの締めくくりとして、スティーブ・ジョブズ氏は「Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.(常に渇望し、常に愚か者でいろ)」という言葉を卒業生たちに贈りました。

これはスティーブ・ジョブス氏が若い頃に目にした『The Whole Earth Catalog(全地球カタログ)』という雑誌の最終号に添えられていた言葉だそうです。

以下のリンクはAmazonで販売されている『The Whole Earth Catalog(全地球カタログ)』です。(品切れで現在は手に入らないようですが…)


And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.
Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
出典:Stanford University|News





  1. 「点と点を結ぶ」
  2. 「愛することを見つける」
  3. 「死を意識して生きる」